Mohammed, founder of Islam, is a religious leader, political and military Arab, born in Mecca in 570 and died in Medina in 632.
Muslims consider him the last of the prophets of monotheism, in that it ends and seals the cycle Abrahamic monotheistic revelation. He recited his biographies refer to his companions (Sahaba) of the Koran which he saw as the very word of God (Allah in Arabic), transmitted to him by the Archangel Gabriel. The Koran was compiled after the death of Mohammed, from transcripts of different materials, for these disciples. Moreover, some of his actions and his words form the Sunna is the second source at the base of Islamic law.
The foundation of Islam and Islamic culture make it an important historical figure.
His name is Arabic: محمد (Muhammad), which can be translated "worthy of praise, and more fully Abu l-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim (أبو القاسم محمد بن عبد الله بن عبد المطلب بن هاشم) or "father of Qasim, Muhammad, son of` Abdullah, son of `Abd al-Muttalib, son of Hashim."
Many other names have been assigned, either in his lifetime, either by Islamic tradition. We are two hundred and one, which Al-Mustafa and Al-Mukhtar, which means "chosen," Al-Amin, which means "fair", Ahmad and Mahmoud that are derived from the same root as Muhammad.
In the Quran and the Hadith, Mohammed is usually called "God's messenger (Rasul) (الرسول, ar-Rasul," The Messenger "," Envoy "), over two hundred times in the Koran. It is also designated by (Nabi) (النبي, year-Nabiy, translated "the Prophet"). These two terms refer to a distinction in Islam between two categories of people entrusted with a mission apostolic messengers of God, also known as messengers of God, are, according to Islamic terminology, the characters who have received the revelation of legislation repealing the laws of the previous messengers with orders to submit to men, while the prophets would have received a revelation by the same routes and the order to send a message to men messenger before. According to this classification, while messenger is a prophet, but not every prophet messenger. Some others would have received as revelation, but only the messengers would bring a book or a new law. According to Muslim tradition there would be one hundred twenty-four thousand three hundred and thirteen prophets and messengers, the first of them is Adam, the first humans, and the last, Mohammed, both of them were considered prophets messengers.
When devout Muslims pronounce or write her name, they use the Arabic form and generally add a blessing, "the hello on him"
Source : http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahomet