Traditions and celebrations
Fitr means "breaking of the fast" and thus symbolizes the completion of fasting as well as all bad habits. It is a time when it is expected to ask for forgiveness and give forgiveness for any sins against his fellows. The joyful celebration takes place together with family and friends. While we look to the less fortunate by giving alms and charity to arrange collection.
During the festive days are the typical Muslim family up early, often taking on new dress up and go on special prayer meetings held in major mosques, in large open spaces or stadiums. Following are the special eidbönen Assembly spiritual leader (Imam), a sermon (khutba) where the congregation is reminded of its obligation to help the needy by paying the zakat (alms).
The festivities start after the prayers with visits to friends and relatives and thanksgiving to God (Allah). It is not unusual to honor the deceased with visits to cemeteries and then read verses from the Koran and put flowers on graves. Eid is also a time to gather and renew friendship and family ties. You socialize, eat good food and sweets. We give each other gifts, primarily for children and young people. The children also often goes around the neighborhood from door to door and wish everyone "Happy Bayram". For this they are rewarded with candy, chocolates, traditional sweets as baklava or lokum (Turkish confection), or a little money. Money Gifts at religious ceremonies as Eid al-Fitr is called 'īdīyah (derived from Arabic' id, 'feast, feast "). There will also be sending each other greeting cards.
In different countries
Celebrations described above is broadly typical of most Muslims. Add to that the different traditions, foods and circumstances vary among different Muslim groups.
Eid al-Fitr is not an official holiday, but in areas with large Muslim populations (perhaps mainly in London, Birmingham, Leeds, Stoke and Bradford) are usually normal schools and employers to give Muslims three days off. Muslims of Bangladeshi background are celebrating Eid al-Fitr, so that both men and women dressed in traditional clothes. The men go to the mosque to perform eidbönen. After the meet and greet you on relatives, serving traditional food such as samosa. With visits and of the relatives are made attracting young people away and hang out for themselves. A tradition has arisen among people of Bangladeshi and Pakistani descent are to cruising, that is going around with cars playing loud music spirit, and occasionally waving flags.
The afternoon of the last Ramadan and the first three days of Shawwal is official holidays in Turkey. Bayramfirandet is adulterated with national traditions and is celebrated by both religious and secular. All the suits, however, to rest and visit relatives and friends. Home and streets are decorated and lit up the neighborhood and organize joint celebrations. Radio and television broadcast special bayramprogram with movies, music and speeches by celebrities and politicians. Charity collections, concerts and other entertainment organized.
In Egypt it is celebrated up to four days. The preparation starts several days before. Special cakes are baked to be given to friends and family. The right of the main feast consisting of fish.
In Somalia, served with rice, meat and vegetables and pasta with anjira, a thin bread. Half, as in Somalia has a looser texture than that from the Middle East, which is flavored with cumin, served with a special cake.
In Iran, held prayers in mosques and in public places. It is customary to visit friends and relatives and often gift food to the needy, and charity are paid. "
In Iraq eaten a breakfast of cream made from buffalo milk with honey and bread. Lambs slaughtered at the moment and sometimes it is baked special cakes dadelfyllda.
In Bangladesh, India and Pakistan called the night before Eid al-Fitr on Chand Raat, "Moon Night". It should also include the celebration of his family and friends gathered in open spaces in order to behold the new moon. As the sightings would be another chaand Raat Mubarak, "have a blessed new moon night" or Eid Mubarak. City streets are festively decorated, and families visit bazaars and shopping centers that are open till late. Women and especially young girls painting each other's hands with henna and wearing colorful traditional bracelets, Bangles. Desserts to be eaten the next day prepared. A special dish that is served during Eid al-Fitr is sivayyan consisting of toasted vermicelli (noodles in Asia are made on semolina) with milk and dried fruits served first breakfast after fasting.
In Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei are served Ketupa, rice cooked in bundles of coconut leaves, and lemang, rice cooked in bamboo with coconut milk served with rendang, a beef stew. At Eid al-Fitr is a huge movement of people from metropolitan areas to rural areas where people travel to their home towns to celebrate the weekend with parents. In these countries hold the celebrations in up to a month.
10 of China's 56 officially recognized ethnic groups are celebrating Eid al-Fitr, which is about 18 million people according to official statistics. Feast is a public holiday in several regions, including Ningxia and Xinjiang. In Xinjiang also involved the ethnic majority Han Chinese group in the celebrations. Award of, inter alia, Halal-slaughtered sheep meat to the poor is ensured by the authorities, public institutions and private institutions.
In North America, is relatively subdued celebration. The various Muslim groups use different methods to calculate the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Eid al-Fitr. Then days in advance can not be determined attempt working Muslims arrange their working days as light as possible, but many find it difficult to take time off throughout the day. Often Muslims usually wake early, eat a light breakfast and then visit the mosque. Since many of the Muslims are immigrants, they brought with them different traditions from around the world.
In Sweden there are two aggravating circumstances during the celebration of Eid al-Fitr. First, the Swedish Muslims generally very limited space in their common rooms, which means that it often simply does not fit in here so that great feast. First, many hard to get time off. This is complicated further by the fact that a precise date for the Muslim holidays can not be determined in advance, then the resulting månåret. It can be seen as an employer that you only find that there is a big holiday to get an extra holiday. Requests for a law that gives Muslims the right to take a day off when the two Eid celebrations have been put forward by the Swedish Muslim Council, who raised the issue in an open letter to political parties before parliamentary elections in 1994 and 1998.
Major celebrations can take place such as in gymnasiums. In Gothenburg, Stockholm and now also organized cultural events in public facilities that the museum and the Stockholm Concert Hall.