Friday, June 25, 2010

Platycodon grandiflorus

The balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorus, Syn: Campanula glauca Thunb., Campanula grandiflora Jacq. (Basionym), Platycodon glaucus (Thunb.) Nakai [1], Platycodon grandiflorum), also Large-flowered balloon flower and chinese bellflower called, is the only species of genus Platycodon from the family of bell flowers plants (Campanulaceae). The German name is due to the bloat that the flower buds before they rise.

It is a perennial, herbaceous plant. The blue-green, toothed leaves are guarding slightly whitish and oval-lanceolate, the lower are 2.5 to 3.4 inches long and 2-3 cm wide.

The bell-shaped flowers are 5 to 7 cm tall and five parts. There is only one stamen circle with five stamens present. Flowering is from July to August. The egg capsule contains fruit ovoid, compressed, first purple and then brown seeds.

The home of the balloon flower lies in Northeast Asia in China, eastern Siberia, Mongolia, Japan and Korea. In many areas worldwide, this is kind of wild.

Preferred locations are dry and stony soils between shrubs or forest clearings.

Varieties of this species are used as conditioned hardy ornamental plants.

Their roots (radix Platycodi) are used in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine and in the Korean kitchen (kor. doraji) for immune stimulation and cancer. In animal studies from the plant extracts to strengthen the activity of B-cells and cytokine production . Saponins from the root (Platycodin AE) show anti-inflammatory effect in the laboratory. It will also planted as an ornamental plant.

See Also: sending flowers, online florist

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