Tuesday, June 29, 2010

The Mexican sunflower

The Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) is a perennial in Central America, the Caribbean, equatorial South America and southern North America, indigenous flowering plant. The species belongs to the genus Tithonia, but not a true sunflower species of Helianthus. However, it is assigned as the true sunflower family Asteraceae.

The bushy, often ruderal growing plants reach a height of up to 3 m and each carry up to 14 on the main stem branching leafy flowering. Sepals and petals are pure yellow color. The time of flowering begins with the onset of temporally reduced sunlight of the winter months and lasts until March north of the Equator, south of the equator, according to April-August (Kurzzeittag-flower). In Mexico (Estado de Guerrero), there are plants that are not affected by daylight lengths in bloom, but by the amount and duration of the irregular rainfall.

The reproduction of the plant can be done both by seed and by cuttings. When cuttings of breaks from the main trunk of about 30 cm length, yet produced no flowers be used. After adjusting inclined about 20 cm deep in loose soil of the cuttings in good drives daily moisturizing after 14 days under the drying up of new sheet approaches.

Use
The Mexican sunflower is partially outside of Central America as an ornamental plant used in horticulture. In some countries, especially in Africa and Asia, there are wild stocks, where the species is considered as a neophyte.

In South America, there are approaches the plant to establish itself as a high protein feed plant. Furthermore, attempts to use with good biomass production and high nutrient levels distinctive kind of green manure.

Since the 1990s, the medical research deals with various aspects of the ingredients of the Mexican sunflower, especially sesquiterpenes - especially with Tagitinin C.

taken in Mexico, the leaves are moistened in traditional medicinal dried form in a mortar and pounded with Tequila, then orally against parasites of the gastro-intestinal tract. The taste is extremely bitter, hence the addition of mangoes or berries is customary to improve the taste. The Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) attempts to demonstrate that knowledge of the natural healers (Curanderos to) scientific.

Source: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexikanische_Sonnenblume
See Also: international flower delivery, florist

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