Friday, June 18, 2010

The Fringed Gentian Plant

The fringed gentian (Gentianopsis ciliata, Synonym: Gentiana ciliata and Gentianella ciliata) is a biennial to perennial, which belongs to the gentian family (Gentianaceae). The plant is found in grassland on limestone soil. The plant is native to Eurasia. The plant is legally protected in the Netherlands: the species is on the Dutch Red List of plants as very rare and very much reduced.

The plant is 8-25 cm high and has a square stem. The ground leaves are spatula-shaped blunt. The stem leaves are linear, but can sometimes lanceolate and have one-to three veins. The stem bears one flower.

Fringed gentian blooms from August to November with blue flowers. The corolla has four lobes and is 2.5 to 5 cm long. The lobes have a long fringe, fringed gentian hence the name. The throat of the corolla is never bare. The flowers are pollinated by bumblebees.

The fruit is a long-stemmed capsule.


See also: International Flower Delivery, Florist

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